TANTRA O YOGA. ESTUDIOS CLÍNICOS, 2ª PARTE: TANTRA

Oscar R. Gómez

Resumen


Varios estudios clínicos realizados muestran cómo las prácticas tántricas así como los ejercicios de las tradiciones védicas, como el yoga, o budistas theravada o mahayana, tienen un impacto psicobiológico significativo. Este estudio busca el correlato neurofisiológico de las prácticas llamadas meditaciones tántricas  y no-tántricas mediante una revisión sistemática cualitativa de los datos recolectados. Se evidenció que las prácticas tántricas producen un aumento en la actividad simpática, del estado de «alerta fásica» y en el rendimiento en tareas cognitivo visuales. Promueven una mayor vigilia y menor propensión al sueño, generan un incremento en la actividad cognitiva y modificaciones metabólicas contrarias a las que se verifican de las no-tántricas como consecuencia del relax inducido por esas prácticas. Las prácticas tántricas producen un estado de calma y claridad mental, con la energía y excitación suficiente para funcionar en el entorno con eficacia en el manejo de la irritabilidad, la tensión y la fatiga, al igual que el manejo del miedo y de la ansiedad. La experiencia espiritual «del despertar» y de la «autorrealización» tienen su correspondencia neurofuncional y anatómica, de modificaciones neuroplásticas que desarrollan un nuevo nivel de sensibilidad, percepción y autopercepción.

 

Abstract

Several clinical studies show how exercises in Vedic traditions, such as Yoga, or Theravada or Mahayana Buddhisms as well as tantric practices have a significant psychobiological impact. This study seeks the neurophysiological correlate of the practices called tantric and non-tantric meditations through a qualitative systematic review of the data collected. Tantric practices were proved to show increased sympathetic activity, «phasic alertness», and better performance at cognitive visual tasks. They promote greater wakefulness and decresead propensity to sleep, increased cognitive activity and metabolic changes as contrasted with those resulting from non-tantric practices due to the relaxation induced by such practices. Tantric practices create calmness and mental clarity, with enough energy and excitement to function in the environment effectively in managing irritability, stress and fatigue, as well as fear and anxiety management. The spiritual experience of "awakening" and "self-realization" has a neurofunctional and anatomical correlate of neuroplastic modifications that create new levels of sensitivity, perception and self-perception.


Palabras clave


Estudios clínicos; tantra; budismo; vajrayana; hindú; meditación; EEG; ECG; IRMf; neuroimágen; neurofisiología; inmunología; endocrinología; clinical study; tantric; neurophysiology; immunology; endocrinology; Budhism; Hinduism; meditation

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