Religiosidad y espiritualidad en el marco del modelo de los cinco factores de la personalidad

Religiosidad y espiritualidad en el marco del modelo de los cinco factores de la personalidad

Religion and spirituality within the five-factor model of personality

Hugo Simkin, Pablo Rubio, Gabriela di Puglia, Maximiliano Preuss
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32351/rca.v4.2.89

Resumen

A pesar de que el vínculo entre la espiritualidad y los rasgos de la personalidad fue intensamente indagado en la literatura académica en los últimos años –particularmente en el marco del modelo y la teoría de los cinco factores de la personalidad, no existen trabajos de revisión que permitan sintetizar el estado del arte respecto de esta relación. Por este motivo, el propósito del presente trabajo es revisar los estudios que se proponen indagar los constructos numinosos en atención a las diferencias individuales a partir de una revisión sistemática de la bibliografía en las bases de datos PsycInfo, ERIC, Pubmed, CAIRN, CLASE, Scielo, Dialnet, Lilacs y Redalyc. De acuerdo con la revisión, si bien existe una considerable disparidad de resultados, generalmente se han reportado asociaciones positivas entre estos constructos y la apertura, la responsabilidad, la  extroversión, y la amabilidad, y negativas con el neuroiticismo. Se concluye que la discrepancia en los resultados respondería a la multiplicidad de técnicas de evaluación disímiles empleadas para relevar la espiritualidad y la religiosidad.

Abstract

Although the link between spirituality and personality traits has been intensely researched in the academic literature in recent years -particularly within the five-factor personality model and theory-, there are no review articles that allow summarizing the state of the art in such relationship. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to review studies analyzing the numinous constructs related to individual differences by means of a systematic review of the bibliography found in the PsycInfo, ERIC, Pubmed, CAIRN, CLASS, Scielo, Dialnet, Lilacs, and Redalyc databases. According to such review, although results show considerable disparity, there have been reported positive associations between said constructs and openness, responsibility, extroversion, and agreeableness as well as negative associations with neuroiticism. It is concluded that the discrepancy in the results would be due to to the multiplicity of dissimilar psychological techniques used to assess spirituality and religiosity.

Palabras clave:

Personalidad; espiritualidad; MCF

Keywords:

Personality; spirituality; FFM

Lea Aqui el Texto completo en   PDF     HTML     XML     EPUB    

Email al autor (Para contactarse con el autor inicie sesión Aquí)

Sobre el autor:

Hugo Simkin
ID de ORCID Universidad de Buenos Aires. (CONICET)
Argentina

Profesor Adjunto a cargo de la asignatura Psicología Social en la Carrera de Sociología de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA). Doctor en Psicología por la Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP). Magíster en Psicología Cognitiva y Aprendizaje por la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) y la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM). Licenciado en Psicología por la Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA). Es director de proyectos de investigación en la Programación Científica UBACyT y en las convocatorias a Proyectos de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (PICT) de la Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT). Dirige a su vez proyectos de extensión universitaria en la Programación UBANEX y en el Programa de Voluntariado Universitario de la Dirección Nacional de Desarrollo Universitario. Su área de interés se centra en el impacto de diversas problemáticas psicosociales y eventos traumáticos en el desarrollo del self y de la autoestima. Ha presentado trabajos en eventos científicos y publicado artículos en revistas de la especialidad.

Pablo Rubio
ID de ORCID Universidad de Flores
Argentina

Licenciado en psicología. Ayudante de primera, Facultad de Psicología y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Flores.

Gabriela di Puglia
ID de ORCID Universidad Abierta Interamericana
Argentina

Licenciada en psicología. Profesora Adjunta Facultad de Psicología y Relaciones Humanas, Universidad Abierta Interamericana

Maximiliano Preuss
ID de ORCID Universidad Abierta Interamericana
Argentina

Licenciado en Psicología. Profesor Adjunto, Facultad de Psicología y Relaciones Humanas, Universidad Abierta Interamericana.


Referencias

Aghababaei, N. (2012). Religious, honest and humble: Looking for the religious person within the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(7), 880–883. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.07.005

Aghababaei, N. (2013). Between you and God, where is the general factor of personality? Exploring personality-religion relationships in a Muslim context. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(2), 196–198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.02.021

Aguilar-Vafaie, M. E., & Moghanloo, M. (2008). Domain and facet personality correlates of religiosity among Iranian college students. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 11(5), 461–483. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674670701539114

Ahles, J. J., Mezulis, A. H., & Hudson, M. R. (2016). Religious coping as a moderator of the relationship between stress and depressive symptoms. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 8(3), 228–234. https://doi.org/10.1037/rel0000039

Ahmed, A. M. (2009). Are Religious People More Prosocial? A Quasi-Experimental Study with Madrasah Pupils in a Rural Community in India. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 48(2), 368–374. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2009.01452.x

Ahmed, A. M., & Salas, O. (2013). Religious Context and Prosociality: An Experimental Study from Valparaíso, Chile. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 52(3), 627–637. https://doi.org/10.1111/jssr.12045

Allport, G. W., & Ross, J. M. (1967). Personal religious orientation and prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5(4), 432–443. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0021212

Aquino, K., & Reed, A. (2002). The self-importance of moral identity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(6), 1423–1440. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.83.6.1423

Argyle, M., & Beit-Hallahmi, ‎Benjamin. (1975). The social psychology of religion. Oxford: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1975-29429-000

Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2014). Personality and Religiousness. In V. Saroglou (Ed.), Religion, personality, and social behavior (pp. 31–46). New York: Psychology Press.

Azarbaijani, M. (2003). Development of a religious orientation scale based on Islam. Iran: Olive.

Batson, C. D. (1976). Religion as Prosocial: Agent or Double Agent? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 15(1), 29. https://doi.org/10.2307/1384312

Batson, C. D., Denton, D. M., & Vollmecke, J. T. (2008). Quest Religion, Anti-Fundamentalism, and Limited Versus Universal Compassion. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 47(1), 135–145. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2008.00397.x

Batson, C. D., Eidelman, S. H., Higley, S. L., & Russell, S. A. (2001). “And Who Is My Neighbor?” II: Quest Religion as a Source of Universal Compassion. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 40(1), 39–50. https://doi.org/10.1111/0021-8294.00036

Batson, C. D., Floyd, R. B., Meyer, J. M., & Winner, A. L. (1999). “And Who Is My Neighbor?:” Intrinsic Religion as a Source of Universal Compassion. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 38(4), 445. https://doi.org/10.2307/1387605

Baumeister, R. F., & Exline, J. (1999). Virtue, Personality, and Social Relations: Self-Control as the Moral Muscle. Journal of Personality, 67(6), 1165–1194. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.00086

Benet-Martínez, V., & John, O. P. (1998). Los Cinco Grandes across cultures and ethnic groups: multitrait multimethod analyses of the Big Five in Spanish and English. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(3), 729–50. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9781409

Braganza, D., & Piedmont, R. L. (2015). The Impact of the Core Transformation Process on Spirituality, Symptom Experience, and Psychological Maturity in a Mixed Age Sample in India: A Pilot Study. Journal of Religion and Health, 54(3), 888–902. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-015-0049-y

Brown, I. T., Chen, T., Gehlert, N. C., & Piedmont, R. L. (2013). Age and gender effects on the Assessment of Spirituality and Religious Sentiments (ASPIRES) scale: A cross-sectional analysis. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 5(2), 90–98. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030137

Browne, M., Pennycook, G., Goodwin, B., & McHenry, M. (2014). Reflective minds and open hearts: Cognitive style and personality predict religiosity and spiritual thinking in a community sample. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44(7), 736–742. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2059

Bushman, B. J., Ridge, R. D., Das, E., Key, C. W., & Busath, G. L. (2007). When God Sanctions Killing: Effect of Scriptural Violence on Aggression. Psychological Science, 18(3), 204–207. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01873.x

Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Bermúdez, J., Maslach, C., & Ruch, W. (2000). Multivariate Methods for the Comparison of Factor Structures in Cross-Cultural Research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31(4), 437–464. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022100031004002

Carpenter, T. P., & Marshall, M. A. (2009). An Examination of Religious Priming and Intrinsic Religious Motivation in the Moral Hypocrisy Paradigm. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 48(2), 386–393. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2009.01454.x

Chang, E. C., Jilani, Z., Yu, T., Fowler, E. E., Lin, J., Webb, J. R., & Hirsch, J. K. (2015). Fundamental dimensions of personality underlying spirituality: Further evidence for the construct validity of the RiTE measure of spirituality. Personality and Individual Differences, 75(1), 175–178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.11.027

Chen, T. P. (2011). A cross-cultural psychometric evaluation of the Assessment of Spirituality and Religious Sentiments Scale in Mainland China. University of Maryland.

Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992a). Normal personality assessment in clinical practice: The NEO Personality Inventory. Psychological Assessment, 4(1), 5–13. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.4.1.5

Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992b). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Professional Manual. Odessa: PAR.

Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1999). Inventario de Personalidad Neo Revisado (NEO PI-R). Inventario Neo Reducido de Cinco Factores (NEO-FFI). Manual Profesional. Madrid: TEA Ediciones.

Costa, P. T., McCrae, R. R., & Dye, D. A. (1991). Facet Scales for Agreeableness and Conscientiousness: A Revision of the NEO Personality Inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 12(9), 887–898. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(91)90177-D

Costa, P. T., McCrae, R. R., & Norris, A. H. (1981). Personal adjustment to aging: longitudinal prediction from neuroticism and extraversion. Journal of Gerontology, 36(1), 78–85. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/36.1.78

Cota-McKinley, A. L., Woody, W. D., & Bell, P. A. (2001). Vengeance: Effects of gender, age, and religious background. Aggressive Behavior, 27(5), 343–350. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.1019

Dillon, M., Wink, P., & Fay, K. (2003). Is Spirituality Detrimental to Generativity? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 42(3), 427–442. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5906.00192

Dirilen-Gümüş, Ö. (2010). The effect of religiosity on political ideology via value types and personality traits: A comparison between Turkey and USA. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 12–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.042

Donahue, M. J. (1985). Intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness: Review and meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48(2), 400–419. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.48.2.400

Donnellan, M. B., Oswald, F. L., Baird, B. M., & Lucas, R. E. (2006). The mini-IPIP scales: tiny-yet-effective measures of the Big Five factors of personality. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 192–203. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.18.2.192

Duck, R. J., & Hunsberger, B. (1999). Religious Orientation and Prejudice: The Role of Religious Proscription, Right-Wing. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 9(3), 157–179. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327582ijpr0903_1

Duriez, B. (2004). Are religious people nicer people? Taking a closer look at the religion–empathy relationship. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 7(3), 249–254. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674670310001606450

Duriez, B., Fontaine, J. R. J., Hutsebaut, D., & Leuven, K. U. (2000). A further elaboration of the post-critical belief scale: Evidence for the existence of four different approaches to religion in flanders-belgium. Psychologica Belgica, 40(1967), 153–181.

Duriez, B., & Hutsebaut, D. (1996). A slow and easy introduction to the Post-Critical Belief. In D. M. Wulff (Ed.), Handbook of the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. New York: Oxford University Press.

Duriez, B., & Soenens, B. (2006). Personality, identity styles, and religiosity: An integrative study among late and middle adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 29(1), 119–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2004.11.007

Duriez, B., Soenens, B., & Beyers, W. (2004). Personality, Identity Styles, and Religiosity: An Integrative Study Among Late Adolescents in Flanders (Belgium). Journal of Personality, 72(5), 877–910. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00284.x

Emmons, R. A. (1988). Religion and Personality. In H. G. Koenig (Ed.), Handbook of Religion and Mental Health (pp. 63–74). San Diego: Elsevier.

Emmons, R. A. (1999a). Religion in the Psychology of Personality: An Introduction. Journal of Personality, 67(6), 874–888. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.00076

Emmons, R. A. (1999b). The Psychology of Ultimate Concerns: Motivation and Spirituality in Personality. New York: The Guilford Press.

Feagin, J. R. (1964). Prejudice and Relegious Types: A Focused Study of Southern Fundamentalists. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 4(1), 3. https://doi.org/10.2307/1385200

Fontaine, J. R. J., Luyten, P., & Corveleyn, J. (2000). Tell Me What You Believe and I’ll Tell You What You Want: Empirical Evidence for Discriminating Value Patterns of Five Types of Religiosity. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10(2), 65–84. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1002_01

Francis, L. J., & Bourke, R. (2003). Personality and religion: Applying cattell’s model among secondary school pupils. Current Psychology, 22(2), 125–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-003-1003-9

Francis, L. J., & Pearson, P. R. (1985). Extraversion and Religiosity. The Journal of Social Psychology, 125(2), 269–270. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1985.9922882

Francis, L. J., Pearson, P. R., & Kay, W. K. (1983). Are introverts still more religious? Personality and Individual Differences, 4(2), 211–212. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(83)90024-7

Fredrickson, B. (2002). How does religion benefit health and well-being? Are positive emotions active ingredients? Psychological Inquiry, 13(3), 209–213. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/1449332

Gajdosova, B., Orosova, O., Janovska, A., & Benka, J. (2014). Personality Factors, Autonomy, Religion and Risk Behaviours of First Year Slovak University Students. European Health Psychologist, 17, 726–731.

García, A. M., & Saroglou, V. (2008). Believing literally versus symbolically : values and personality correlates among Spanish students. Journal of Beliefs & Values: Studies in Religion & Education, 29(3), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/13617670802465755

Gebauer, J. E., Bleidorn, W., Gosling, S. D., Rentfrow, P. J., Lamb, M. E., & Potter, J. (2016). Big Five personality and religiosity: Agreeableness and conscientiousness constitute the basis of religiosity only in religious cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42(2).

Gebauer, J. E., Paulhus, D. L., & Neberich, W. (2013). Big Two Personality and Religiosity Across Cultures: Communals as Religious Conformists and Agentics as Religious Contrarians. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4(1), 21–30. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550612442553

Ghorbani, N., Watson, P. J., Shamohammadi, K., & Cunningham, C. J. (2009). Post-critical beliefs in iran: predicting religious and psychological functioning. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 20, 151–194.

Goldberg, L. R. (1999). A broad-bandwidth, public domain, personality inventory measuring the lower-level facets of several five-factor models. Personality Psychology in Europe. https://doi.org/citeulike-article-id:1856566

Gosling, S. D., Rentfrow, P. J., & Swann, W. B. (2003). A very brief measure of the Big-Five personality domains. Journal of Research in Personality, 37(6), 504–528. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0092-6566(03)00046-1

Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., & Pyszczynski, T. (1997). Terror Management Theory of Self-Esteem and Cultural Worldviews: Empirical Assessments and Conceptual Refinements. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (pp. 61–139). San Diego: Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2601(08)60016-7

Greer, T., Berman, M., Varan, V., Bobrycki, L., & Watson, S. (2005). We Are a Religious People; We Are a Vengeful People. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 44(1), 45–57. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2005.00264.x

Halama, P., Martos, T., & Adamovová, L. (2010). Religiosity and Well-Being in Slovak and Hungarian Student Samples: the Role of Personality Traits. Studia Psychologica, 52(2), 111–115.

Heaven, P. C. L., & Ciarrochi, J. (2007). Personality and religious values among adolescents: A three-wave longitudinal analysis. British Journal of Psychology, 98(4), 681–694. https://doi.org/10.1348/000712607X187777

Henningsgaard, J. M., & Arnau, R. C. (2008). Relationships between religiosity, spirituality, and personality: A multivariate analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(8), 703–708. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2008.07.004

Hill, P. C. (2012). Measurement Assessment and Issues in the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. In R. F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), Handbook of Psychology of Religion and Spirituality (pp. 48–75). New York: The Guilford Press.

Hoekstra, H. A., Ormel, J., & De Fruyt, F. (1996). NEO Personality Questionnaires NEO-PI-R, NEO-FFI, Manual. Lisse: Swet & Zeitlinger BV.

Hunsberger, B. (1995). Religion and Prejudice: The Role of Religious Fundamentalism, Quest, and Right-Wing Authoritarianism. Journal of Social Issues, 51(2), 113–129. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1995.tb01326.x

James, A., & Wells, A. (2003). Religion and mental health: towards a cognitive-behavioural framework. British Journal of Health Psychology, 8(3), 359–376. https://doi.org/10.1348/135910703322370905

Joiner, T., Perez, M., & Walker, R. (2002). Playing devil’s advocate: Why not conclude that the relation of religiosity to mental health reduces to mundane mediators? Psychological Inquiry, 13(3), 214–216. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1449334

Jonathan, E. (2008). The Influence of Religious Fundamentalism, Right-Wing Authoritarianism, and Christian Orthodoxy on Explicit and Implicit Measures of Attitudes Toward Homosexuals. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 18(4), 316–329. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508610802229262

Jordan, K. D., Masters, K. S., Hooker, S. a., Ruiz, J. M., & Smith, T. W. (2014). An Interpersonal Approach to Religiousness and Spirituality: Implications for Health and Well-Being. Journal of Personality, 82(5), 418–431. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12072

Kaldestad, E. (1995). The empirical relationships of the religious orientations to personality. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 36(1), 95–108. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.1995.tb00971.x

Kaldestad, E. (1996). The empirical relationships between standardized measures of religiosity and personality/mental health. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 37(2), 205–220. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.1996.tb00652.x

Kapuscinski, A. N., & Masters, K. S. (2010). The current status of measures of spirituality: A critical review of scale development. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2(4), 191–205. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020498

Katsogianni, I. V., & Kleftaras, G. (2015). Spirituality, Meaning in Life, and Depressive Symptomatology in Drug Addiction. International Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Society, 5(2), 11–24.

Kirkpatrick, L. a. (1999). Toward an Evolutionary Psychology of Religion and Personality. Journal of Personality, 67(6), 921–952. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.00078

Koenig, H. G. (1998). Handbook of religion and mental health. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=504GYYj1O3kC&oi=fnd&pg=PP2&dq=Handbook+of+Religion+and+Mental+Health&ots=ZUayUs0sgo&sig=Dgp_uDCHNmi5gqfVCSihHR0KDb0

Koenig, H. G., King, D., & Carson, V. B. (2012). Handbook of religion and health. London: Oxford University Press.

Koenig, H. G., Meador, K. G., & Parkerson, G. (1997). Religion Index for Psychiatric Research: A 5-Item Measure for Use in Health Outcome Studies. American Journal of Psychiatry, (154), 885–86.

Koenig, H. G., Siegler, I. C., Meador, K. G., & George, L. K. (1990). Religious coping and personality in later life. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 5(2), 123–131. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.930050210

Krause, N. (2006). Gratitude Toward God, Stress, and Health in Late Life. Research on Aging, 28(2), 163–183. https://doi.org/10.1177/0164027505284048

Leach, M. M., Berman, M. E., & Eubanks, L. (2008). Religious Activities, Religious Orientation, and Aggressive Behavior. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 47(2), 311–319. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2008.00409.x

Leak, G. K., & Fish, S. B. (1999). Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Religious Maturity. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 9(2), 83–103. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327582ijpr0902_1

Lewis, C. A. (1999). An empirical contribution to the psychology of religion : examination of issues in measurement, life-satisfaction and personality theory. University of Ulster.

Lodi-Smith, J., & Roberts, B. W. (2007). Social Investment and Personality: A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship of Personality Traits to Investment in Work, Family, Religion, and Volunteerism. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11(1), 68–86. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868306294590

MacDonald, D. A. (2000). Spirituality: description, measurement, and relation to the five factor model of personality. Journal of Personality, 68(1), 153–197. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.t01-1-00094

Maclean, A. M., Walker, L. J., & Matsuba, M. K. (2004). Transcendence and the Moral Self: Identity Integration, Religion, and Moral Life. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 43(3), 429–437. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2004.00245.x

Maltby, J., & Lewis, C. A. (1997). The reliability and validity of a short scale of attitude towards Christianity among USA, English, Republic of Ireland, and Northern Ireland adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 22(5), 649–654. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(96)00244-9

Maltby, J., Lewis, C. A., Freeman, A., Day, L., Cruise, S. M., & Breslin, M. J. (2010). Religion and health : the application of a cognitive-behavioural framework. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 13(7), 749–759. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674670802596930

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1999). A five-factor theory of personality. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (pp. 139–53). New York: The Guilford Press.

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (2008). Empirical and theoretical status of the five-factor model of personality traits. In G. J. Boyle, G. Mathews, & D. H. Saklofske (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment (pp. 273–295). London: Sage Publications.

McCullough, M. E., Enders, C. K., Brion, S. L., & Jain, A. R. (2005). The Varieties of Religious Development in Adulthood: A Longitudinal Investigation of Religion and Rational Choice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(1), 78–89. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.89.1.78

McCullough, M. E., Tsang, J.-A., & Brion, S. (2003). Personality Traits in Adolescence as Predictors of Religiousness in Early Adulthood: Findings from the Terman Longitudinal Study. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(8), 980–991. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167203253210

McCullough, M. E., & Willoughby, B. L. B. (2009). Religion, self-regulation, and self-control: Associations, explanations, and implications. Psychological Bulletin, 135(1), 69–93. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014213

McCullough, M. E., & Worthington, E. L. (1999). Religion and the Forgiving Personality. Journal of Personality, 67(6), 1141–1164. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.00085

Mirsaleh, Y., Rezai, H., Kivi, S., & Ghorbani, R. (2010). The role of religiosity, coping strategies, self-efficacy and personality dimensions in the prediction of Iranian undergraduate rehabilitation interns’ satisfaction with their clinical experience. Clinical Rehabilitation, 24(12), 1136–1143. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215510375907

Moberg, D. O. (2002). Assessing and measuring spirituality: Confronting dilemmas of universal and particular evaluative criteria. Journal of Adult Development, 9(1), 47–60. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013877201375

Ostendorf, F., & Angleitner, A. (2004). NEO-Persönlichkeitsinventar nach Costa und McCrae, revidierte Fassung (NEO-PI-R). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Ozer, D. J., & Reise, S. P. (1994). Personality Assessment. Annual Review of Psychology, 45(1), 357–388. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ps.45.020194.002041

Piedmont, R. L. (1999a). Does Spirituality Represent the Sixth Factor of Personality? Spiritual Transcendence and the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Personality, 67(6), 985–1013. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.00080

Piedmont, R. L. (1999b). Strategies for using the five-factor model of personality in religious research. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 27(4), 338–350. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2000-13311-006

Piedmont, R. L. (2004a). Assessment of spirituality and religious sentiments, technical manual (1st ed.). Timonium, Maryland: Author.

Piedmont, R. L. (2004b). The Logoplex as a paradigm for understanding spiritual transcendence. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 15(1), 263–284. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-164X.18.3.213

Piedmont, R. L. (2005). The Role of Personality in Understanding Religious and Spiritual Constructs. In R. F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (1st ed., pp. 253–273). London: The Guilford Press.

Piedmont, R. L. (2009). The Contribution of Religiousness and Spirituality to Subjective Wellbeing and Satisfaction with Life. In M. Souza, L. J. Francis, J. O’Higgins-Norman, & D. Scott (Eds.), International Handbook of Education for Spirituality, Care and Wellbeing (Vol. 3, pp. 89–105). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9018-9

Piedmont, R. L. (2012). Overview and Development of Measure of Numinous Constructs: The Assessment of Spirituality and Religious Sentiments (ASPIRES) Scale. In L. J. Miller (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Psychology and Spirituality (pp. 104–122). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Piedmont, R. L., Ciarrocchi, J. W., Dy-Liacco, G. S., & Williams, J. E. G. (2009). The empirical and conceptual value of the spiritual transcendence and religious involvement scales for personality research. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 1(3), 162–179. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015883

Piedmont, R. L., & Leach, M. M. (2002). Cross-Cultural Generalizability of the Spiritual Transcendence Scale in India: Spirituality as a Universal Aspect of Human Experience. American Behavioral Scientist, 45(12), 1888–1901. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764202045012011

Piedmont, R. L., Werdel, M. B., & Fernando, M. (2009). The utility of the assessment of spirituality and religious sentiments (ASPIRES) scale with Christians and Buddhists in Sri Lanka. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 20(1), 131–143.

Piedmont, R. L., & Wilkins, T. A. (2013). Spirituality, religiousness, and personality: Theoretical foundations and empirical applications. In K. I. Pargament, J. J. Exline, & J. W. Jones (Eds.), APA handbook of psychology, religion, and spirituality (Vol 1): Context, theory, and research. (Vol. 1, pp. 173–186). Washington: American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/14045-009

Piedmont, R. L., Wilkins, T. A., & Hollowitz, J. (2013). The relevance of spiritual transcendence in a consumer economy : The dollars and sense of it. Journal of Social Research & Policy, 4(2), 2–19.

Robbins, M., & Francis, L. J. (2000). Religion, Personality, and Well-being: The Relationship Between Church Attendance and Purpose in Life. Journal of Research on Christian Education, 9(2), 223–238. https://doi.org/10.1080/10656210009484908

Roberts, B. W., & Robins, R. W. (2000). Broad Dispositions, Broad Aspirations: The Intersection of Personality Traits and Major Life Goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(10), 1284–1296. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167200262009

Rose, E. D., & Exline, J. (2012). Personality, Spirituality, and Religion. In L. J. Miller (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Psychology and Spirituality (pp. 85–104). New York: The Guilford Press.

Rowatt, W., & Kirkpatrick, L. A. (2002). Two Dimensions of Attachment to God and Their Relation to Affect, Religiosity, and Personality Constructs. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 41(4), 637–651. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5906.00143

Salmanpour, H., & Issazadegan, A. (2012). Religiosity Orientations and Personality Traits with Death Obsession. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 4(1), 150–157. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijps.v4n1p150

Salsman, J. M., Brown, T. L., Brechting, E. H., & Carlson, C. R. (2005). The link between religion and spirituality and psychological adjustment: the mediating role of optimism and social support. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31(4), 522–535. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167204271563

Sanua, V. D. (1969). Religion, mental health, and personality: a review of empirical studies. American Journal of Psychiatry, 125(9), 1203–1213.

Saroglou, V. (2002). Religion and the five factors of personality: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Individual Differences, 32(1), 15–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00233-6

Saroglou, V. (2010). Religiousness as a cultural adaptation of basic traits: a five-factor model perspective. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14(1), 108–125. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868309352322

Saroglou, V., & Fiasse, L. (2003). Birth order, personality, and religion: a study among young adults from a three-sibling family. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(1), 19–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00137-X

Saroglou, V., & Jaspard, J.-M. (2000). Personality and religion: From Eysenck’s Taxonomy To The Five-Factor Model. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 23(1), 41–70.

Saroglou, V., & Muñoz García, A. (2008). Individual Differences in Religion and Spirituality: An Issue of Personality Traits and/or Values. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 47(1), 83–101. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2008.00393.x

Saroglou, V., Pichon, I., Trompette, L., Verschueren, M., & Dernelle, R. (2005). Prosocial Behavior and Religion: New Evidence Based on Projective Measures and Peer Ratings. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 44(3), 323–348. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2005.00289.x

Saucier, G., & Skrzypińska, K. (2006). Spiritual But Not Religious? Evidence for Two Independent Dispositions. Journal of Personality, 74(5), 1257–1292. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00409.x

Schnell, T. (2012). Spirituality with and without Religion—Differential Relationships with Personality. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 34(1), 33–61. https://doi.org/10.1163/157361212X644495

Schwartz, S. H., & Huismans, S. (1995). Value Priorities and Religiosity in Four Western Religions. Social Psychology Quarterly, 58(2), 88. https://doi.org/10.2307/2787148

Shafer, A. B. (1999). Brief Bipolar Markers for the Five Factor Model of Personality. Psychological Reports, (84), 1173–1179.

Simkin, H., & Azzollini, S. (2015). Personalidad, Autoestima y Espiritualidad-Religiosidad desde el Modelo y la Teoría de los Cinco Factores. PSIENCIA: Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencia Psicológica, 7(2), 339–361. https://doi.org/10.5872/psiencia/7.2.22

Streyffeler, L. L., & McNally, R. J. (1998). Fundamentalists and liberals: personality characteristics of Protestant Christians. Personality and Individual Differences, 24(4), 579–580. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(97)00189-X

Taylor, A., & MacDonald, D. A. (1999). Religion and the five factor model of personality: An exploratory investigation using a Canadian university sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 27(6), 1243–1259. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(99)00068-9

Tiliopoulos, N., Bikker, A. P., Coxon, A. P. M., & Hawkin, P. K. (2007). The means and ends of religiosity: A fresh look at Gordon Allport’s religious orientation dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences, 42(8), 1609–1620. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.10.034

Trapnell, P. D., & Paulhus, D. L. (2012). Agentic and Communal Values : Their Scope and Measurement. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94(1), 39–52. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2011.627968

Village, A. (2011). Outgroup prejudice, personality, and religiosity: Disentangling a complex web of relationships among adolescents in the UK. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 3(4), 269–284. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0022966

Walborn, F. (2014). Religion in Personality Theory. London: Elsevier.

Webb, J. R., Toussaint, L., & Dula, C. S. (2014). Ritualistic, Theistic, and Existential Spirituality: Initial Psychometric Qualities of the RiTE Measure of Spirituality. Journal of Religion and Health, 53(4), 972–985. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-013-9697-y

Whitley, B. E. (2009). Religiosity and Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men: A Meta-Analysis. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 19(1), 21–38. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508610802471104

Willoughby, M. T., Cadigan, R. J., Burchinal, M., & Skinner, D. (2008). An evaluation of the psychometric properties and criterion validity of the religious social support scale. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 47(1), 147–159. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2008.00398.x

Wink, P., Ciciolla, L., Dillon, M., & Tracy, A. (2007). Religiousness, spiritual seeking, and personality: findings from a longitudinal study. Journal of Personality, 75(5), 1051–70. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2007.00466.x



Estadísticas de lectura:

Descargas: 143 PDF - 39 HTML - 34 XML - 21 EPUB - 12 Cit. Acuerdo DORA



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

[ Navegar por: Número | Autor | Título ] [ Información para: Lectores | Autores | Bibliotecarios ] [ Comité Editorial ] [ Indexación ]

Publicación Semestral ISSN 2469-0783 |info@menteclara.org|Tel: +54 11 5217-2371

journaltocs
Es la mayor colección de revistas académicas. Gestionada por la Universidad de Edimburgo, contiene metadatos de los artículos de 2.746 editores.
JournalTOCs ha tenido especial cuidado en incluir solo las revistas de mayor audiencia en sus campos, para garantizar resultados de calidad.

Sello de calidad DOAJ 

ErihPlus 

Catálogo de Latindex


Biblioteca Nacional Argentina

Miembros destacados del Comité Científico. Ver Aquí

Catalogo Caicyit
Logo de Atom
Logo de RSS2
Logo de RSS1

REDIB

WorldCat

 

Open Academia

Open Academia is partnering with Public Knowledge Project (PKP) to provide complete publishing services in an open access environment.

Red Latinoamericana de Revistas Académicas en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades


REDALYC

REX OttawaLibrary St Andrews University Library Catalogue, United Kingdom
Helenic Library Liverpool University Renmi University of China Logo CiteFactor

Sitio web alojado en los servidores de:

Escuelas de Tantra de Argentina y España

Av. Gral Belgrano nº 2648, Berazategui, Pcia de Buenos Aires, Argentina.