LA SALUD MENTAL EN LA PSICOLOGÍA DE LA RELIGIÓN Y DE LA ESPIRITUALIDAD

Hugo Simkin

Resumen


Si bien la psicología se ha interesado por los fenómenos religiosos y espirituales desde sus origines, recién en la década del ochenta se constituye la psicología de la religión y de la espiritualidad como un área específica de la psicología. En este marco, entre las principales líneas de investigación, numerosos autores se han interesado en explorar el modo en que la religiosidad y la espiritualidad se asocian a la salud mental. Sin embargo, a pesar de la considerable cantidad de estudios que abordan el tema, en la literatura especializada aún se evidencia una amplia diversidad de resultados contradictorios. El presente trabajo se propone revisar los antecedentes vinculados al modo en que se han asociado estas variables, atendiendo a los debates teórico-epistemológicos que podrían contribuir a explicar las enormes diferencias que se observan entre los distintos hallazgos empíricos.

Abstract.

Although psychology has been interested in religious and spiritual phenomena since its origins, it was not until the 1980s that the psychology of religion and spirituality was established as a specific psychological field. Within this framework, among the main lines of research, numerous authors have been interested in exploring the way in which religiosity and spirituality are associated with mental health. However, despite the considerable number of studies that address the issue, a wide diversity of mixed results is still evident in the literature. The present work intends to review the antecedents linked to the way in which these variables have been associated, taking into account the theoretical-epistemological debates that could contribute to explain the enormous differences that are observed between the different empirical findings.


Palabras clave


Religiosidad; espiritualidad; salud mental; Religiosity; spirituality; mental health

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